Deadly Nipah virus : Symptoms and Prevention

Nation is suffering from great disaster for past few year. And one more tragic thing happened to us 
Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. And it seems like It already knocked on India's Doorstep. 
Nipah virus

The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

History
NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India.

Symptoms 
The virus affects both the respiratory and neurological systems. 

In recent outbreaks in the Indian subcontinent, the lungs are often affected (75% of the cases). 

Patients may go through increasing breathlessness and may progress to severe oxygen hunger rapidly. 

NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals. So better vaccine your pets . 

Prevention 
There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.

:-Information was taken fror various Website 
WHO
NDTV 

Deadly Nipah virus : Symptoms and Prevention Deadly Nipah virus : Symptoms and Prevention Reviewed by Fungeek on 6:05 pm Rating: 5

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